According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), over 20 million new cases of STDs usually occur in the US, every year. Most of these cases involve young people under 23 years. United States has the highest rate of STD infection in the developed world.
One in two sexually active persons will contract an STD by 25 years. Undiagnosed STDs make over 20,000 women in the US to become infertile every year. The annual direct cost of STDs in the US is around $16 billion.
1. Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)
HPV Facts & Statistics
CDC data estimates that for 2013-2014, 40% of women, and 42% of men between 18-59 years had genital HPV. According to researchers, 80% of sexually active people will have this infection during their life.
Within six years of the administration of the first HPV vaccine, HPV prevalence reduced by 64% among females between 14 to 19 years and 34% among those between 20 to 24 years.
HPV causes over 30,000 cancer cases every year in the US. It causes anal and cervical cancers. HPV causes around 69% of vulvar cancer cases and 75% vaginal cancer cases.
HIV Facts and Statistics
One in seven Americans does not know that they have HIV. CDC data shows that over 1 million Americans are living with HIV. In 2015, 39,513 Americans tested positive for HIV. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PEP), is a medication taken daily by HIV negative individuals that can reduce the risk of HIV infection by over 90%.
Gonorrhea, Syphilis, and Chlamydia
Syphilis and Gonorrhea are very common STDs. Actually; the three most reported STDs are syphilis, gonorrhea, and Chlamydia. In 2015, the rates of these three STDs in America reached a record level with over 1.5 million cases of Chlamydia.
In 2015, young Americans constituted over 60% of Chlamydia diagnoses and 50% of gonorrhea diagnoses. Cases of gonorrhea infections increased every year from 2013 to 2015. Untreated gonorrhea and Chlamydia in women can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). CDC estimates that 1 in 8 women with PID usually experiences difficulties becoming pregnant.
Home Testing for STDs
Most STDs do not have early symptoms. For example, HIV can go undetected for over 7 years. Some do not show any signs at all. The only way to know whether you have STDs is by testing for STDs.
Most people do like hospital testing because of the stigma associated with STDs. People hate the embarrassment associated with testing positive for an STD in front a doctor. The best way to test for STDs is by using a home STD testing kit. With this kit, you will test for STDs from the comfort of your home. The test will happen in a matter of seconds. You can purchase a kit that will test for all STDs.
Many Americans are living with STDs and they are unaware of it. Over 65 million Americans have STDs. The best way to prevent STDs is by having safe sex. You should regularly test for STDs. Most STDs are treatable if identified earlier.